Aug 17, 2022
MEDA 1001 - Laboratory Techniques I Credits: 5
Hours/Week: Lecture 4 Lab 2
Course Description: This course is designed for persons interested in pursuing a career in medical assisting. It introduces diagnostic procedures routinely performed in the physician’s office laboratory, including the collection and preparation of appropriate specimens, federal guidelines, safety, quality control, electrocardiography (ECG), emergencies and first aid procedures, microbiological testing and routine urinalysis. The student will focus on identifying ways to prevent transmission of disease, and the legal and ethical responsibilities for the health care professional. Students must be able to perform physical tasks to complete course requirements. Acceptance into the Medical Assistant program is required. This course requires students to be concurrently enrolled in MEDA 1011 .
Prerequisite(s): HLTH 1001 with a grade of C or higher and BIOL 1024 OR BIOL 2031 AND BIOL 2032 .Course placement into college-level English and Reading OR completion of ENGL 0950 with a grade of C or higher OR completion of RDNG 0940 with a grade of C or higher and qualifying English Placement Exam OR completion of RDNG 0950 with a grade of C or higher and ENGL 0090 with a grade of C or higher OR completion of ESOL 0051 with a grade of C or higher and ESOL 0052 with a grade of C or higher.
- Physician office laboratory diagnostic procedures
- Laboratory orientation/safety
- Specimen collection/preparation
- Federal guidelines
- Quality control
- Legal and ethical responsibilities
- Disease prevention/standard precautions
- Emergency response and First Aid
At the end of this course students will be able to:
- identify body systems.
- list major organs in each body system.
- identify the anatomical location of major organs in each body system.
- compare structure and function of the human body across the lifespan.
- describe the normal function of each body system.
- identify CLIA waived tests associated with common diseases.
- identify quality assurance practices in healthcare.
- list principles and steps of professional/provider CPR.
- describe basic principles of first aid as they pertain to the ambulatory healthcare setting.
- perform electrocardiography.
- perform patient screening using established protocols.
- instruct and prepare a patient for a procedure or a treatment.
- perform a quality control measure.
- obtain specimens and perform: CLIA-waived urinalysis; CLIA-waived immunology test; CLIA-waived microbiology test.
- produce up-to-date documentation of provider/professional level CPR.
- perform first aid procedures for: bleeding; diabetic coma or insulin shock; fractures; seizures; shock; syncope.
- incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient assessment.
- incorporate critical thinking skills when performing patient care.
- show awareness of a patient’s concerns related to the procedure being performed.
- analyze healthcare results as reported in graphs and tables.
- differentiate between normal and abnormal test results.
- maintain lab test results using flow sheets.
- reassure a patient of the accuracy of the test results.
- list major types of infectious agents.
- describe the infection cycle including: the infectious agent, reservoir, susceptible host, means of transmission, portals of entry and portals of exit.
- define the following as practiced within an ambulatory care setting: medical asepsis.
- identify methods of controlling the growth of microorganisms.
- define the principles of standard precautions.
- define personal protective equipment (PPE) for: all body fluids, secretions and excretions, blood, non-intact skin and mucous membranes.
- identify Center for Disease Control (CDC) regulations that impact healthcare practices.
- participate in blood borne pathogen training.
- select appropriate barrier/personal protective equipment (PPE).
- perform handwashing.
- prepare items for autoclaving.
- perform sterilization procedures.
- perform wound care.
- demonstrate proper disposal of biohazardous material: sharps, regulated wastes.
- recognize the implications for failure to comply with Center for Disease Control (CDC) regulations in healthcare settings.
- explain to a patient the rationale for performance of a procedure.
- report relevant information concisely and accurately.
- document patient care accurately in the medical record.
- describe the process in compliance reporting: unsafe activities and incident reports.
- identify: safety signs, symbols and labels.
- identify safety techniques that can be used in responding to accidental exposure to: blood, other body fluids, needle sticks and chemicals.
- discuss fire safety issues in an ambulatory healthcare environment.
- describe fundamental principles of evacuation of a healthcare setting.
- describe the purpose of safety data sheets (SDS) in a healthcare setting.
- discuss protocols for disposal of biological chemical materials.
- identify critical elements of an emergency plan for response to a natural disaster or other emergency.
- comply with: safety signs; symbols; labels
- demonstrate proper use of: eyewash equipment; fire extinguishers; sharps disposal containers.
- participate in a mock exposure event with documentation of specific steps.
- evaluate the work environment to identify unsafe working conditions.
- recognize the physical and emotional effects on persons involved in an emergency situation.
- demonstrate self-awareness in responding to an emergency situation.
Competency 1 (1-6)
Competency 2 (7-10)
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